Surya Mandir

Surya Mandir, Jaipur
Surya Mandir, overlooking Galta Gate and the old city of Jaipur.

Surya Mandir, the Sun Temple, stands on the top of a ridge just east of the old city of Jaipur. The main shrine of the temple, built in Nagara style and painted white, is surrounded by a walled enclosure with a gate and crenelations, looking rather like a miniature fortress. The walls of the enclosure are Jaipur pink, the same color as the walls of the old city below.

A historic plaque placed by the Rajasthan state archeology department states that Rao Kripa Ram built the temple in 1734. He served as envoy to the Mughal court for Sawai Jai Singh II, founder of Jaipur.

Jaipur is a city of temples, and Surya Mandir is not the most important nor the most architecturally impressive. But from its ridgetop setting, it certainly has one of the most dramatic locations of any temple in the city. From the temple, you can see the whole old city in a single glance, along with much of the new city beyond it.

Surya Mandir is located near the ravine of Galta-ji. The ravine has several important temples and was already a place of pilgrimage before the founding of Jaipur. In addition to the temples of Galta-ji, other nearby monuments include Galta Gate and two ruined hilltop fortresses, Ambagarh and Raghunathgarh.